The most common complications associated with genital piercing include:
allergic reaction to the jewelry
thick scarring at the piercing site.
There is also a potential risk of hepatitis B and C, as well as HIV/AIDS, sexually transmitted diseases, and other infectious diseases. These risks can be minimized with the use of new, sterile needles.
Particularly with male piercings there is a risk of narrowing of the urethra as result of scar tissue. Impotence is also a potential risk if the needle mistakenly pierces erectile tissue.
You can reduce the risk of infection and allergic reaction by using proper jewelry made out of such metals as surgical stainless steel or titanium.
People with chronic medical conditions should talk to their doctor about piercing beforehand.
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